Posts Tagged ‘Gender differences’

Differences Between Men and Women in Condom Use, Attitudes, & Skills.

February 25, 2013

This article by Pacific Northwest Node researchers Don Calsyn, Michelle Peavy, Betsy Wells, Mary Hatch-Maillette, as well as colleagues from the Greater New York and New England Consortium Nodes, recently published in American Journal on Addictions, reports on a study using data from two HIV risk reduction studies in the Clinical Trials Network (protocols CTN-0018 and -0019). The study compared treatment-seeking male and female substance abusers in their reported barriers to condom use and condom use skills.

The analysis revealed that men endorsed more barriers to condom use, especially in terms of their impact on sexual experience. For both men and women, stronger endorsement of barriers to condom use was associated with less use of condoms. However, the difference between condom users and non-users in endorsement of condom barriers in general is greater for men than women, especially for those who report having casual partners.

Conclusions: Results provide additional information about the treatment and prevention needs of treatment-seeking men and women. Understanding differences between men and women in their beliefs, knowledge, and skills related to condom use will allow clinicians to better tailor risk behavior interventions.

Citation: Calsyn DA, Peavy KM, Wells EA, et al. Differences Between Men and Women in Condom Use, Attitudes, and Skills in Substance Abuse Treatment Seekers. American Journal on Addictions 2013;22:150-157.


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Gender Differences in the Rates and Correlates of HIV Risk Behaviors Among Drug Abusers

June 17, 2010

This new in-press article in Substance Use & Misuse was co-written by Donald Calsyn of the Pacific Northwest Node, as well as Audrey Brooks, Christina Meade, Jennifer Potter, Yuliya Lokhnygina, and Shelly Greenfield.

It reports on the results of an ancillary investigation of data from five CTN trials, protocols CTN-0001, 2, 5, 6, and 7, looking at gender differences in rates and correlates of HIV risk behaviors.  The study found that there is clearly a context or culture in which HIV risk behaviors occur, as well as individual differences in the presence of risk factors associated with engaging in HIV risk behaviors.  Specific risk factors were differentially predictive of HIV risk behaviors for women and men, highlighting the need for gender-specific risk-reduction interventions.

Read more about the article at the CTN Dissemination Library.