Effect of Gender-Specific HIV Prevention Interventions on Heterosexual Anal Sex

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Substance abusers are at risk for HIV and other STIs, with heterosexual anal intercourse (HAI) riskier than vaginal intercourse, and more risky for women than for men. This poster from the 2012 International AIDS Conference (Washington, DC, July 2012), by Pacific Northwest Node scientists Don Calsyn and Mary Hatch-Maillette, as well as colleagues Aimee Campbell, Christina Meade, and Susan Tross, reports on a study that aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the five session CTN gender-specific HIV prevention interventions, Real Men Are Safe (REMAS) (CTN-0018) and Safer Sex Skill Building (SSSB) for women (CTN-0019), vs. single session information only control, on decreasing heterosexual anal intercourse (HAI) and increasing condom use for HAI.

Results of the study found that the percent of men, but not women, engaging in HAI decreased from baseline to 3 month follow-up, with the decrease for men similar for both REMAS and control condition participants. Although condom use for HAI remained infrequent, the percentage of both women and men reporting any use of condoms for HAI increased between baseline and follow-up. Women attending SSSB were more likely to change from no condom use to some condom use than women attending the control intervention. A similar non-significant trend was noticed for men attending REMAS as well.

Citation: Calsyn DA, Campbell ANC, Meade CS, Hatch-Maillette MA, Tross S. The Effect of Gender-Specific HIV Prevention Interventions on Heterosexual Anal Sex Among Men and Women in Substance Abuse Treatment. Poster presented at the International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference, Washington, DC, July 22-27, 2012.


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